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Hopf, Till (2003) Conservation Plans and recreational Use. Conflicts and Opportunities under consideration of the "Allemansrätt" instancing the case of the Swedish Mountain Region.


Diese Auswertung wurde erstellt von: Till Hopf

 

SPORTARTEN

Andere Freizeitaktivitäten, Erholung am Gewässer, Jagd, Landgebundener Sport, Mountainbiking, Naturbeobachtung, Skilanglauf, Spaziergang mit Hund, Tourenskilauf, Trekking, Wandern/Geländelauf, Wintersport, Zelten

 

INHALT

Outdoor recreation habits in the Nordic mountain range have changed fundamentally during the last decades. Traditional forms of recreation, such as mountain walking and cross country skiing, have been superseded by more environmentally intrusive modern forms such as mountain biking, downhill skiing and snow-scooter driving. In addition, the continuing trend of urbanisation, increasing mobility, the growing trend of less physical white collar office work and a growing awareness of the importance of health and fitness have all combined to result in increasing numbers converging on the countryside for leisure activities. These changes in recreational habits have had an impact on the natural environment, which has necessitated changes in conservation policy.
This thesis is concerned with the evolution of outdoor recreation and conservation policy, the conflicts that have arisen between the two and the opportunities for the future in the Swedish mountain range. The allemansrätt is the focus of this study. Under this traditional right, which could be translated as "right of public access", the Swedish countryside is open to all. The Swedes are proud of their age-old freedom, which allows visitors to the countryside to roam wherever they like on the pre-condition that they adhere to basic courtesies.
However, through the allemansrätt the Swedish countryside has been open to the onslaught of modern recreational activities and the resulting degradation of the natural environment. The evolution of outdoor recreational practices in the Swedish mountain range is firstly described. This is followed by a discussion on the condition and development of Swedish and corresponding international conservation policies and practices, thus providing the foundation for a study of the role of the allemansrätt in the debate concerning recreational habits and conservation policy. The allemansrätt is next examined from a theoretical point of view in relation to the field of common pool resources. This is then followed by an
evaluation of field studies. Secondary data from a number of field studies allows for an in-depth analysis of the change in recreational patterns, their impact on the natural environment and the response of civil society in terms of conservation policy and environmental management.
Through this approach, a comprehensive account of the current situation in the Swedish mountain range is provided. This is the basis for the identification of
possible future trends in recreational use and conservation policy, as well as recommendations for environmental management and planning

SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN DES/DER AUTOR(INN)EN

It has been shown that pressure on the natural landscape is imposed by recreational use. Undoubtedly, this situation has to be subject to recreational planning as well as to conservation policy settings. However, it has been demonstrated that the impression of human induced destruction of the natural heritage by means of recreational activity and misuse of the allemansrätt institution is not reflected by the circumstances as a whole; some differentiation is required to assess the situation. Thence, some critical points have been identified, this being a visitor concentration in the southern parts of the mountain region and a shift in activity patterns towards facility-related, technically sophisticated recreational activities. Additionally, a disproportion between the historical origin of the
allemansrätt and its modern commercialised utilisation can be stated

 

BEZUG/QUELLE

Diese Publikation ist in der Präsenzbibliothek "Natursportinfo" im Freihandbereich der Zentralbibliothek der Sportwissenschaften an der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln einsehbar, wie übrigens die meisten in der Datenbank aufgeführten Publikationen. Die Arbeiten sind dort entsprechend ihrer Kennung (ID-Nummer, hier 2912) sortiert.
Bestellungen sind gegen Gebühr möglich mit Mail an natursportinfo@dshs-koeln.de unter Angabe der Kennung (ID-Nummer).


UNTERSUCHUNGSGEBIET (Geo-Objekt, Naturraum, Bundesland)

Schweden; Regionen Dalarna, Jämtland, Västerbotten und Norrbotten. Das schwedische "Fjäll" (Gebirgsregion) erstreckt sich entlang der Grenze zu Norwegen über gut 1000 km von Dalarna im Süden bis nördlich des Polarkreises.

 

UNTERSUCHUNGSANSATZ (Typ der Analyse)

Literaturbasierte Analyse unter Berücksichtigung von nautwissenschaftlich-ökologischen sowie sozialwissenschaftlich-gesellschaftlichen Arbeiten.

 

BEWERTUNGSMETHODEN, KRITERIEN

Qualitative Analyse auf Basis vorhandenen Datenmaterials. Vergleich der traditionellen Nutzungsformen, unter denen das Jedermannsrecht entstanden ist, mit den aktuellen und zukünftigen Nutzungsanforderungen und -entwicklungen.

 

KONTROLLZUSTAND, AUSGANGSLAGE


EINWIRKUNGSDAUER

kurzzeitig bis langfristig.

 

EINWIRKUNGSART

akustisch, visuell, physisch

 

EINWIRKUNGSGRAD

leicht bis mittelschwer, besonders lokal auch schwer.

ART DER BEEINTRÄCHTIGUNG/AUSWIRKUNG

TIERART

  • Visuelle und akustische Beeinträchtigungen;
  • Habitatzerschneidungen

VEGETATIONSEINHEIT

  • Trittschäden;
  • Erosion

ÜBERTRAGBARKEIT AUF ÄHNLICHE LEBENSRÄUME?

Bedingt, da das Jedermannsrecht eine regionale Eigenart darstellt. Die generellen Auswirkungen von Erholungsnutzung in einem sensiblen Ökosystem sind aber sicherlich übertragbar.